Welcome to the Cluster of Excellence “The Formation of Normative Orders” at Frankfurt University!

We are living at a time of profound and rapid social changes. These changes are bound up with social conflicts, both within states and beyond them. Whether it is a matter of a just social order under conditions of “globalization” and new technological possibilities or a just “global order” in the face of scarce resources, climate change and armed conflicts –we are confronting challenges of a new kind that cannot be met with traditional conceptions of order. In a world of different cultural self-understandings and traditions, transnational norms and institutions are emerging whose validity is being – and must be – placed in question.

The researchers in the humanities and social sciences united in the Frankfurt Cluster of Excellence have made it their task to analyse these processes from the perspective of the “formation of normative orders”. They see the processes and conflicts in question not merely as facts and as phenomena to be described in functionalist terms; instead they enquire into the normative conceptions which play a role in this context, and thus confront, and in the process transform, one another. In the eyes of the researchers who work here, the dynamic and thrust of the current upheavals and conflicts first becomes apparent in the normative dimension.

Normative orders are understood in this context as historically grounded “orders of justification” based upon “justification narratives”. They privilege certain legitimations, where norms and values of very different kinds (moral, legal and religious, to mention just a few) are interconnected or give rise to tensions. Such orders derive their legitimation from specific norms and themselves give rise to norms, though always in a dynamic sense.

Researchers from a wide variety of disciplines, such as philosophy, history, political science and legal studies, as well as ethnology, economics, theology and sociology, cooperate within this research alliance. Their goal is to be able to reach conclusions informed by all of these perspectives concerning the extent to which we live in an era of the formation of new normative orders.

The Cluster of Excellence is funded by the German Research Foundation in the context of the Excellence Initiative of the German Federal and State Governments.

Directors are

Professor Rainer Forst (Institute of Political Science and Institute of Philosophy) and

Professor Klaus Guenther (Institute of Criminology and Philosophy of Law).

Read more:

  • Forst, Rainer; Günther, Klaus (Hrsg.) (2011): Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven, Normative Orders Bd. 1, Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 2011, 267 S.


Theorie der politischen Praxis? - Frankfurt Lectures X

Prof. Dr. Friedrich Kratochwil (Professor em. für Internationale Beziehungen) gives the next Frankfurt Lecture with the title "Theorie der politischen Praxis?", 24 and 26 October 2016 ("Kritische Anmerkungen zum “practice turn” and "Kritische Anmerkungen zur “idealen Theorie”. More...

Upcoming Events

10 September 2016-26 March 2017

Framework programme Cluster of Excellence "The Formation of Normative Orders" witin the exhibition "Unter Waffen. Fire & Forget 2", Museum Angewandte Kunst. click here...

24 and 25 October 2016

Frankfurt Lectures: Theorie der politischen Praxis? (24 October:) Kritische Anmerkungen zum “practice turn”. (25 October:) Kritische Anmerkungen zur “idealen Theorie”. Prof. Dr. Friedrich Kratochwil (Professor em. für Internationale Beziehungen). More...

28. Oktober 2016, 10-18 Uhr

Konferenz: Muslimische Jugend zwischen Integration, Abschottung und neuen Wegen. Mit Prof. Dr. Susanne Schröter, Claudia Hackhausen, Prof. Dr. Klaus Günther, Dr. Hussein Hamdan, Taoufik Hartit, Sineb El Masrar, Ahmad Mansour, Prof. Dr. Ahmet Toprak, Wolfgang Malik, Hanif Aroji: Hier...

Latest Media

Kontrafakturen des Waffengebrauchs. Weibliche Gegengewalt im Kinofilm

Prof. Dr. Angela Keppler and Prof. Dr. Martin Seel
Framework programme "Unter Waffen. Fire & Forget 2"

Anziehend militärisch? Camouflage, Uniform und Parka in der Mode

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Miloš Vec, Prof. Dr. Ingeborg Harms, Dr. Mahret Kupka
Framework programme "Unter Waffen. Fire & Forget 2"

New full-text Publications

Roth-Isigkeit, David (2016):

The Grammar of Global Law, Normative Orders Working Paper 01/2016. More...

Comtesse, Dagmar (2015):

Taming the superlative, embedding the comparative: a form of subjectivation for a post growth society, Normative Orders Working Paper 02/2015. More...