Fellows

Prof. Sally J. Scholz

Professor of Philosophy at Villanova University

November - December 2021

In cooperation with Prof. Dr. Darrel Moellendorf

The fellowship is part of Working group 1 (Democracy) and Working Group 4 (Knowledge) of the Research Initiative "ConTrust: Trust in Conflict - Political Life under Conditions of Uncertainty".

Sally J. Scholz is Professor of Philosophy at Villanova University: Her research is in social and political philosophy and feminist theory. She has published extensively on solidarity, violence, oppression, just war theory, and related topics. She won the prestigious Lindback award.for Teaching Excellence in 2006, the Gallen Award for Faculty Service in 2011, and the Outstanding Faculty Research Award in 2014. Her books include On de Beauvoir, On Rousseau, Political Solidarity, and Feminism: A Beginner's Guide. She co-edited Peacemaking: Lessons from the Past, Vision for the Future (with Judith Presler); The Contradictions of Freedom: Philosophical Essays on Simone de Beauvoir's 'Les Mandarins' (with Shannon Mussett); and Philosophica/ Perspectives on Democracy in the 21st Century (with Anh Cudd). Scholz is a former editor of the APA Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy, former co-editor of the Journal for Peace and Justice Studies, and former editor of Hypatia. She is also a leader in the profession, serving as chair of the American Philosophical Association Committee on Lectures, Publications, and Research (2011-2014), as well as the APA Committee on the Status and Future of the Profession (2015-2018). She was President of the North American Society for Social Philosophy (2015-2019).

Research project title:
Inclusive Trust

Research abstract:
Political societies facing a so-called crisis often turn to security measures to exert state dominance, police borders, and defend the parameters of citizenship in an effort to maintain the trust of citizens. In doing so, they frame the crisis using the terms of conflict and appeal to an exclusive form of solidarity with identity-based membership criteria for citizenship status. My research examines the appeal to exclusive solidarities and contrasts itwith a model of inclusive solidarity that privileges equity, inclusivity, and diversity. Using the history and practice of sanctuary - an idea with roots in the history of war and tied to the principle of civilian immunity in conflict situations - I demonstrate the potential of practices of belonging that extend beyond the narrow confines of political citizenship to develop new models of epistemic trust. These practices create a space for engagement that fosters democratic trust both within and across borders. Replacing security-focused citizenship political discourse with sanctuary-based civilian discourse expands the sources of knowledge for participatioh in civil society and reveals how the social conflict issuing from a so-called crisis can instead issue or foster positive social ties in solidarity.

Events:

19 November 2021
Workshop
The Meaning(s) of Solidarity
For further information: Click here...

4 November 2021
Roundtable at the First Annual Conference of the Research Initiative "ConTrust: Trust in Conflict - Political Life under Conditions of Uncertainty"
With: Prof. Dr. Jan Delhey (Magdeburg), Prof. Dr. Sally J. Scholz (Villanova), Dr. Clara Weinhardt (Maastricht), Prof. Dr. Thomas Biebricher (PI ConTrust)
Moderation: Dr. Tobias Wille (Forschungskoordinator ConTrust)
For further information: Click here...

 

Dr. Elisa Piras

Postdoc Researcher in Political Philosophy, Sant’Anna School for Advanced Studies, Pisa (Italy)

26 September to 23 December 2021

In cooperation with Prof. Rainer Forst

Funded by DAAD Forschungsaufenthalte für Hochschullehrer und Wissenschaftler

Elisa Piras is Post-doctoral Fellow in Political Philosophy at DIRPOLIS Institute, Sant’Anna School for Advanced Studies (Pisa). She is didactic coordinator of the Master in Human Rights and Conflict Management. Her research interests focus on contemporary political liberalism and its international implications, theories of public opinion, history of political thought, security and gender.

Project title:
The Crumbling Public. Analysing power dynamics within the public sphere

Research abstract:
The project aims at producing a sound theoretical study to investigate how pathologies of information and epistemic injustices have caused a blackout of the public sphere within contemporary democratic societies, making the formation of public opinion less predictable and ‘disconnecting’ the public from governments as well as from the information system, hampering the accountability and justificatory mechanisms that have been conceptualised by influential contemporary authors such as Rawls and Habermas. The argumentation will rely on insights presented by authors who have worked on public opinion at the beginning of the 20th century and it will present and discuss the main contemporary philosophical-political views on the pathological processes produced by power asymmetries and their effects on the public sphere – disinformation and epistemic injustices – in order to challenge/criticize the liberal accounts of the public sphere as a stability factor for a (just and stable) democratic political system based on dialogue and deliberation.

Publications:
- “Se l’è andata a cercare! Violenza di genere, colpevolizzazione della vittima e ingiustizia epistemica”, Ragion Pratica, 1, 2021, pp. 251-272.
- “Inequality in the Public Sphere: Epistemic Injustice, Discrimination and Violence”, in Democracy and Fake News: Information Manipulation and Post-Truth Politics, edited by Serena Giusti and Elisa Piras, London: Routledge, Chapter 2, pp. 30-39.
- “Migration and Theories of Justice: a Critical Reappraisal”, Soft Power. Revista euroamericana de teoría e historia de la política y del derecho, vol. 6, no. 1 (2019), pp. 337-361.

Events:
23 November 2021
Post-pandemic Frontiers of Global Justice
Lecture at the Colloquium Political Theory
For further information: Click here...

Prof. Stefan Rummens

Prof. Stefan Rummens is Full Professor of Political Philosophy at the Institute of Philosophy of KU Leuven (Belgium)

October 2021 - January 2022

In cooperation with Prof. Rainer Forst

The research stay is funded by KU Leuven and by the Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO).

Prof. Stefan Rummens obtained his PhD in philosophy at KU Leuven (Belgium) in 2004 with a dissertation on Jürgen Habermas' deliberative model of democracy. He was a visiting scholar at the New School for Social Research in New York (2006) and at the Goethe Universität in Frankfurt am Main (2008). He was an assistant professor of political theory at Radboud University (Nijmegen, The Netherlands) before returning to KU Leuven in 2011.  Apart from a side interest in the problem of free will, his work mainly concerns democratic theory with a specific focus on deliberative democracy, representation, populism and militant democracy.

Research project title:
Populism and technocracy: opposite threats to our democratic society?

Research abstract:
The hypothesis that populism and technocracy are opposite and mutually reinforcing threats to our democratic society is investigated through three more specific resesarch questions:
1/ What is technocracy? The starting point here is Jürgen Habermas's analysis of technocracy in the context of the Keynesian welfare state. The goal is to make an update of this analysis by investigating how the rise of the neoliberal regime and the transition from government to governance have changed the nature of technocracy.
2/ Are populism and technocracy opposite threats to democracy? In previous work I have argued that populism should be seen as an attempted closure of the empty place of power (Lefort). Now, the aim is to investigate to what extent technocracy should be analysed as an attempted dissolution of the empty place of power.
3/ Is there a mutually reinforcing dynamic between populism and technocracy? The idea under investigation here is that the rise of (neoliberal) technocracy has created the social and political preconditions for the rise of populism and that, the other way around, the threat of populism only reinforces the depoliticizing tendencies of the current technocratic regime.

Relevant publications:
Stefan Rummens (2021), ‘The counterfactual structure of the consequence argument’, Erkenntnis 86 (3), 523-542.
Stefan Rummens (2019), ‘Resolving the paradox of tolerance’, in Anthoula Malkopoulou and Alexander S. Kirshner (eds.), Militant Democracy and Its Critics. Populism, Parties, Extremism, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 112-132.
Stefan Rummens (2018), ‘Deliberation and justice’, in Andrea Bächtiger, John Dryzek, Jane Mansbridge and Mark Warren (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 132-143.
Stefan Rummens (2017), ‘Populism as a threat to liberal democracy’, in Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser, Paul Taggart, Paulina Ochoa Espejo and Pierre Ostiguy (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Populism, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 554-570.

Events:
9 November 2021
Lecture at the Colloquium Political Theory
For further information: Click here...

Prof. Maria Kaiafa-Gbandi

Professorin für Strafrecht an der Aristoteles-Universität Thessaloniki (Griechenland)

Oktober 2021 bis Januar 2022

In Zusammenarbeit mit Prof. Dr. Klaus Günther

Mit Förderung durch ein Alexander von Humboldt-Stipendium und die Vereinigung von Freunden und Förderern der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main

Maria Kaiafa-Gbandi ist Professorin für Strafrecht an der Aristoteles-Universität Thessaloniki. Darüber hinaus ist sie unter anderem Direktorin des »Research Institute for Transparency, Corruption and Financial Crime« der Aristoteles-Universität Thessaloniki und Mitglied der Expert Group der EU Kommission für europäische Strafrechtspolitik.

Forschungsthema:
»Artificial intelligence as a challenge for Criminal Law: in search of a new model of criminal liability?«

Projektbeschreibung:
The research project is trying to answer the question whether we need a new model for ascribing criminal liability in cases of causing harm with the use of AI systems. After delving into the current scope and the significance of the use of artificial intelligence as a challenge for law in general, the research tries in an initial approach to shed light on the emerging concerns and their significance for criminal law and especially to discuss the question of ascribing criminal liability for harm caused by the use of AI systems in the framework of the existing law. On this basis it discusses a wide range of crucial questions of the theoretical framework for ascribing criminal liability and at the end it focuses to answer the question whether alternative schemes of attributing criminal responsibility to an e-person or e-personality is compatible with the European legal civilization. (Maria Kaiafa-Gbandi)

Publikationen (Auswahl):

- (mit Ath. Giannakoula und D. Lima) »Combating Crime in the Digital Age: A Critical Review of EU Information Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice – Challenges for Criminal Law and Personal Data Protection in the Post-Interoperability Era«, in: Brill Research Perspectives in Transnational Crime 2:4, 2020.
- (mit Ν. Karaliota, Εl. Kompatsiari und Chr. Lampakis) »The New EU Counter-Terrorism Offences and the Complementary Mechanism of Controlling Terrorist Financing as Challenges for the Rule of Law«, in: Brill, Transnational Crime 3:1, 2020.
- »Information exchange for the purpose of crime control: The EU-paradigm for controlling terrorism-Challenges of an »Open« System for Collecting and Exchanging Personal Data«, in: EuCLR, 2019, S. 141-174.
- »Prosecution-Led Investigations and Measures of Procedural Coercion in the Field of Corruption«, in: D. Brown, J. Turner, B. Weisser (Hrsg.): The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Process, 2018, S. 393-416.

Veranstaltungen:

Online Vortrag innerhalb des Dienstagsseminars des Instituts für Kriminalwissenschaften und Rechtsphilosophie der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
23. November 2021, 16 Uhr
AI and criminal law: Need for a new model of criminal liability?
Weitere Informationen: Hier...

Fellow Colloquium
16. Dezember 2021, 11 Uhr
Algorithmic Justice for Deciding on Criminal Matters?
Weitere Informationen: Hier...

Dr. Lonneke Peperkamp

Assistant Professor Philosophy of Law at Radboud University Nijmegen, and IRC Postdoctoral Fellow at University College Dublin

November 2019 - July 2021

In Cooperation with Prof. Rainer Forst

Funded by Niels Stensen Fellowship and IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellowship


Lonneke Peperkamp
is Assistant Professor in Philosophy of Law at Radboud University Nijmegen, and research fellow at University College Dublin and Goethe University Frankfurt. She currently works on a two-year research project 'Claiming Subsistence Rights'. Her research interests are war and political violence, peace building, space ethics, global justice, poverty, and human rights. She is a member of the Board of Directors of EuroISME (the International Society for Military Ethics in Europe).

Research project title:
Claiming Subsistence Rights

Research abstract:
Although human rights are enshrined in international law, around 600 million people live in extreme poverty. Many consider the existence of extreme poverty in the face of abundant affluence morally problematic. The field of global distributive justice is concerned with the distribution of burdens and benefits among the global population. The main question is: What should ‘we’ (the affluent) do to address this injustice? Despite large agreement on the claim that we must, indeed, help the global poor, many people do not do that. What demands attention, therefore, is not the question of what ‘we’ should do to alleviate global poverty, but the flipside of that question: What can ‘they’ (the poor) do to secure their rights to subsistence? Potential means vary from peaceful resistance; political pressure; civil disobedience; taking resources from rightful owners; migration; to, most radically, violent resistance or war for subsistence. Such radical means are the focus of this project. The central question is: Can it be justified to claim subsistence rights by using violent means? In answering that question, this research project integrates philosophy (global justice and just war theory), human rights doctrine, and political theory.

Publications (selection):
L. Peperkamp and R. Tinnevelt (2020), ‘On the Possibility of Justified Subsistence Wars’, book chapter in: A. Chadwick and S. Egan (eds.), Poverty and Human Rights, Edward Elgar Publishing (in press).
L. Peperkamp (2020), ‘A Just and Lasting Peace after War’, book chapter in: C. Stahn et. al. (ed.), Jus Post Bellum and the Justice of Peace, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
L. Peperkamp (2016), ‘The Blurry Boundaries between War and Peace: Do we need to extend just war theory?’, Archives for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy 102/3, 315- 332.
L. Peperkamp (2016), ‘On the Duty to Reconstruct after War: Who is responsible for jus post bellum?’, Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence 29/2, 403- 430.
 L. Peperkamp (2014), ‘Jus Post Bellum: A case of minimalism versus maximalism?’, Ethical Perspectives 21/3, 255- 288.  

Events:
Presentation Political Theory Colloquium 16 June 2020


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