19. November 2010, 14.00 Uhr

Panel II: The Politics and Ethics of Peace

Introduction:

Christoph Menke

altPhilosophical approaches to peace and justice treat them as ethical or moral categories. They ask whether peace and justice can be properly understood and realised only if they are related to an underlying notion of the good, and hence what constitutes the good of peace and justice. Answers to this question refer both to the good of political community and to individual subjects: among them are considerations in political ethics and theories of individual morality. At the same time the issue of what role such political and moral reflections play in decisions concerning peace and justice is addressed: Do they merely lend motivational support to institutional arrangements which follow their own logic? Or, insofar as they provide justifications, do they also function as a criterion in terms of which decisions concerning war and peace, justice or injustice, can be made?

 

Lecture 1:

War and Peace: Norms and Facts in a Globalised World

Matthias Lutz-Bachmann

Video:

Audio:

In the history of ideas and of law the concepts of war and of peace have been used not just to describe contradictory states of political orders. They have been appealed to in addition to justify
human moral as well as legal action. In my contribution to the conference I will discuss the proper meaning of these basic concepts over the course of human history and their future relevance
vis-à-vis the challenges we are confronted with today in a globalising world.

alt

Matthias Lutz-Bachmann is Professor of Philosophy at the Goethe University Frankfurt. His main research interests are the history of medieval science and philosophy, political philosophy of international relations, ethics and applied ethics and the philosophy of religion. He is currently Vice President of the Goethe University
and Principal Investigator of the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’ and Co-Director of the ‘Institute for Philosophy of Religion’ at the Goethe University. His most important recent publications are: Kosmopolitanismus. Zur Geschichte und Zukunft eines umstrittenen Ideals (Weilerswist 2010); Lex und
Ius. Beiträge zur Begründung des Rechts in der Philosophie des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit (Stuttgart 2010); and Krieg und Frieden im Prozess der Globalisierung (Weilerswist 2009).

 

Lecture 2:

Kant on Justice and Morality and Peace

Pauline Kleingeld

Video:

Audio:

Contrary to initial appearances, Kant’s normative ideal of perpetual peace is not exhausted by the ideal of a just global legal order. In addition, genuine peace requires support from normative convictions and cosmopolitan sentiments. In the concept of peace, according to Kant, justice and morality come together. Many critics claim,
however, that Kant’s cosmopolitan ideal, spelt out in terms of laws and moral principles, is unable to generate cosmopolitan sentiments and inspire humanity to promote its realisation. In this paper, I examine the question of the ‘realisability’ of Kant’s rich cosmopolitan ideal, with the aim of demonstrating its relevance and contribution to current debates.

alt

Pauline Kleingeld (Ph.D. Leiden, 1994) is Professor of Practical Philosophy at Leiden University. From 1993-2004 she taught at Washington University in St. Louis. Her work focuses on Kant
and Kantian philosophy, as well as on moral theory and political philosophy. She is the author of Fortschritt und Vernunft: Zur Geschichtsphilosophie Kants (Würzburg: Königshausen und
Neumann, 1995), the editor of Immanuel Kant, ‘Toward Perpetual Peace’ and Other Writings on Politics, Peace, and History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), and the author of Kant
and Cosmopolitanism: The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).


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