Panel IV: Particularity and Universality

Introduction:

Susanne Schröter

alt

The panel deals with conflicting priorities in universalist and particularist approaches to justice and peace. While both justice and peace are considered to be universal concepts, they are often viewed as ideals to be achieved rather than as existing realities. Politicians, jurists and scholars attempt to define them in concrete contexts and to translate them into tangible terms in political agreements and legal texts. On the level of local actors, these terms are then once again appropriated, commented, rephrased and transformed. Two scholars who have done longterm research in Africa discuss these processes and their manifold dynamics: Cecilia Lynch scrutinises Christian ethics with reference to the concept of popular casuistry; Mamadou Diawara focuses on African musicians’ responses to the
Universal Copyright Convention.

Lecture I:

Popular Casuistry and the Problem of Peace and/or Justice in Christian Ethics

Cecelia Lynch

Video:

Audio:

Most contemporary political debates presuppose the secular as the basis for normative order, primarily for European and North American politics, but also for global norms. The religious is often
seen as the counterpoint to or intrusion into the secular. This is particularly true of religions other than Christianity, especially Islam. Conversely, I foreground the relationship between tensions in Christian ethics and tensions in normative orders on issues of peace and justice. I do so through a genealogical analysis of 20th century Christian ethics on issues of violence and the use of force, focusing on debates around the concept of ‘popular casuistry’ (Lynch 2009) in a ‘secular age’ (Taylor 2007). Tracing debates from the 1930s, the 1960s and 70s, and the 1990s among Christian movements and theologians about peace and/or justice, the use of force and the legitimacy of violence, I argue that Christian interpretations and ethical tensions – seen through working out the concept of popular
casuistry in each case – play an important part in sustaining and challenging normative orders and reveal tensions between goals of peace and/or justice.

alt

Cecelia Lynch is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for Global Peace and Conflict Studies, University of California, Irvine. She teaches and writes on international relations, organisation and law, religion and ethics, social movements and civil society, and humanitarianism.

 

Lecture 2:

Justice, in Whose Name? The Domestication of Copyright in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mamadou Diawara

Video:

Audio:

In 1952, UNESCO passed the Universal Copyright Convention. Together with the Berne Convention (1886) it established the norms of copyright protection that every nation must endeavor to respect in its national legislation. This paper deals with the musicians and intends to show how people in day to day life, according to their
gender, wealth and power, respond to the will of the state and the international development agencies to grant right and justice. How is the ‘romance of the commons’ experienced locally?

alt

Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara is Professor for the Anthropology of Africa at the Institut für Ethnologie of the Goethe University Frankfurt. He is Deputy Director of the Frobenius Institute and
the Founding Director of Point Sud, Center for Research on Local Knowledge, in Bamako, Mali. He is also one of the Principal Investigators in the Cluster of Excellence with a project entitled
‘Media and Norms in Africa‘. Before he joined Frankfurt University in 2004, he was Henry Hart Rice Professor for Anthropology and History at the Yale Center for International and Area
Studies at Yale University, and Fellow of the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. His areas of research include media, history, oral tradition, and local knowledge in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically in
Mali. He has published numerous articles and several books, among them L’empire du verbe - L’éloquence du silence. Vers une anthropologie du discours dans les groupes dits dominés
au Sahel (Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe, 2003) and, with Ute Röschenthaler, Im Blick der Anderen (Brandes & Apsel, 2008).


Aktuelles

Die Gegenwart der Religion und die Zukunft der Philosophie. Internationale Tagung über und mit Jürgen Habermas

Am 20. und 21. November 2020 fand die Tagung „Gegenwart der Religion - Zukunft der Philosophie. Überlegungen im Anschluss an das jüngste Werk von Jürgen Habermas“ statt. In acht Vorträgen international renommierter Wissenschaftler*innen aus der Philosophie und Theologie wurde an zwei Tagen das 2019 erschienene Werk "Auch eine Geschichte der Philosophie" mit dem Autor Jürgen Habermas diskutiert. Mehr...

Ringvorlesung "Machtverschiebung durch Algorithmen und KI"


Von Suchmaschinen bis hin zu Predictive Policing - Algorithmen und Künstliche Intelligenz verändern gesellschaftliche Strukturen und ökonomische Geschäftsmodelle. In der Ringvorlesung "Machtverschiebung durch Algorithmen und KI" werden ab dem 11. November 2020 gesellschaftliche Auswirkungen und Optionen rechtlicher Regulierung im Zusammenhabng mit KI diskutiert. Mehr...

Nächste Termine

25. Januar 2021, 18.00 Uhr

Ringvorlesung "Machtverschiebung durch Algorithmen und KI": Prof. Christiane Wendehorst (Universität Wien): Haftung für Künstliche Intelligenz – droht ein Verantwortungsvakuum? Mehr...

28. Januar 2021, 12.30 Uhr

Book lɔ:ntʃ: Pandemic Media. Preliminary Notes Towards an Inventory. With: Laliv Melamed, PhD, Philipp Dominik Keidl, PhD, Prof. Antonio Somaini and Prof. Vinzenz Hediger. More...

28. Januar 2021, 18.00 Uhr

13. FFGI Vortragsreihe: Arta Ramadan (ZDF-Reporterin): Kosovo, Deutschland und der liberale Islam. Mehr...

-----------------------------------------

Neueste Medien

„Freiwilligkeit oder Zwang?“ – Experimente in den Zeiten von Infektionsschutz

Prof. Dr. Dr. Günter Frankenberg (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Forschungsverbund "Normative Ordnungen")
Moderation: Prof. Marion Tiedtke (Hochschule für Musik und Darstellende Kunst in Frankfurt am Main)
DenkArt „Der normalisierte Ausnahmezustand“


Gesellschaft als digitale Sozialmaschine? Zur soziotechnischen Transformation des selbstbestimmten Lebens

Prof. Jörn Lamla (Universität Kassel)
Ringvorlesung "Machtverschiebung durch Algorithmen und KI"


Videoarchiv

Weitere Videoaufzeichnungen finden Sie hier...

Neueste Volltexte

Darrel Moellendorf (2020):

Hope and reasons. Normative Orders Working Paper 02/2020. Mehr...

Annette Imhausen (2021):

Sciences and normative orders: perspectives from the earliest sciences. Normative Orders Working Paper 01/2021. Mehr...