Has War Declined Through Human History?

Ringvorlesung des Exzellenzclusters "Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen": The End of Pacification? The Transformation of Political Violence in the 21st Century

Prof. Michael Mann (University of California, Los Angeles)

11. Oktober 2018, 18.15 Uhr

Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Campus Westend, Hörsaalzentrum, HZ9

Abstract
For over 150 years liberal optimism has dominated theories of war. It has been repeatedly argued that war either is declining or will shortly decline. There have been exceptions, especially in Germany and more generally in the first half of the twentieth century, but there has been a recent revival of such optimism, especially in the work of Azar Gat, John Mueller, Joshua Goldstein, and Steven Pinker who all perceive a long-term decline in war through history, speeding up in the post-1945 period. Critiquing Pinker’s statistics on war fatalities, I show that the overall pattern is not a decline in war, but substantial variation between periods and places. War has not declined and current trends are slightly in the opposite direction. Civil wars in the global South have largely replaced inter-state wars in the North, but there is also Northern involvement in most of them. War for the North is now less “ferocious” than “callous”, which renders war less visible and less central to Northern culture, which has the deceptive appearance of pacifism. Viewed from the South the view has been bleaker both in the colonial period and today. Globally war is not declining, but it is being transformed.

CV
Michael Mann is Distinguished Research Professor of Sociology, UCLA, and Honorary Professor, Cambridge University. He has a BA and D.Phil. from Oxford University. He is a member of both the American and British Academies. His major publication project has been the four volumes of The Sources of Social Power published by Cambridge University Press: Volume 1: A History of Power from the Beginning to 1760 (published in 1986); Volume 2: The Rise of Classes and Nation-States, 1760–1914 (1993); Volume 3: Global Empires and Revolution, 1890–1945 (2012); Volume 4: Globalizations, 1945–2011 (2013). He also has books on American imperialism, fascism, and ethnic cleansing. Two books of essays have discussed his work, The Anatomy of Power: The Social Theory of Michael Mann (2006), and Global Powers: Mann’s Anatomy of the twentieth Century and Beyond (2018). He is currently writing a book on war.

Weitere Informationen zur Ringvorlesung "The End of Pacification? The Transformation of Political Violence in the 21st Century": Hier...

Veranstalter:
Exzellenzcluster "Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen"


Aktuelles

In eigener Sache: Letter of Concern and Support Regarding the Cluster of Excellence “Normative Ordnungen”

Seyla Benhabib und Charles Larmore, Mitglieder des Wissenschaftlichen Beirats des Exzellenzclusters, haben einen offenen Brief verfasst, in dem sie nach dem Ausscheiden von Normative Orders aus dem Wettbewerb der Exzellenzstrategie ihre Hoffnung auf einen Fortbestand des Forschungsverbundes zum Ausdruck bringen. Mehr...
After the negative result of the DFG Excellence Strategy competition for Normative Orders, Seyla Benhabib and Charles Larmore, Members of our International Advisory Board, wrote an open letter to express their concern about the future of the Cluster and their strong support for it. More...

Leibniz-Preis für Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Prof. Dr. Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, Professorin für Makroökonomie und Entwicklung und Principal Investigator des Exzellenzclusters "Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen", ist Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz-Preisträgerin 2018. Mehr...

Nächste Termine

18. und 19. Oktober 2018

D/A/CH-Konferenz: Open Access für die Rechtswissenschaft - Pflicht oder Privatsache? Mehr...

19. Oktober 2018

Kurswechsel - Karrierekonferenz für (Post-)Doktorandinnen 2018. Mehr...

22. Oktober 2018, 18.15 Uhr

Frankfurter Philosophinnen* Kolloquium 2018/2019: Esther Meisinger: Das Politische der Trauer. Ein Dialog zwischen Hegel und Butler. Mehr...

Neueste Medien

From the Arab spring to ISIS

Prof. Dr. Gilles Kepel (Institut d’études politiques de Paris)
25. Internationaler DAVO-Kongress „Politik, Religion und Gesellschaft im Vorderen Orient“


Conceptualizing the Future of Democracy: Combining Representation and Participatory Innovations

Rainer Forst, Jane Mansbridge, Anne Phillips und Mark Warren. Chair: Brigitte Geiẞel
27. Wissenschaftlicher Kongresses der Deutschen Vereinigung Für Politikwissenschaft

Neueste Volltexte

Röß, Johannes (2017):

Die paradoxe Freiheit des Geldes. Eine sozialphilosophische Perspektive im Anschluss an Simmel und Marx. Normative Orders Working Paper 03/2017. Mehr...

Klump, Rainer und Lars Pilz (2018):

Durch Eigennutz zum Gemeinwohl: Individualisierung, Reformation und der „Geist des Kapitalismus“. Zur Entstehung und Bedeutung von Leonhard Fronspergers Schrift „Von dem Lob deß Eigen Nutzen“ aus dem Jahre 1564. Normative Orders Working Paper 01/2018. Mehr...