Forschungsfelder 2012-2017

The studies in this research area will be inspired and guided by a tripartite problem focus. In the first place, attention will be devoted to the diversity of competing patterns and forms of order above the level of the state. These are in the first instance the “old” concepts of order as stable power and rule, though their specific present-day realisations are often caught up in overlaps, and hence also in normative tensions, between global and regional, state, quasi-state and private processes of the formation of order. If one thinks of such a globally highly influential concept as that of (internal and external) security, it becomes clear that a global security order (being striven for) is already an inherently plural construct. Moreover, its realisation is pursued using different means and normative concepts (for example, peace, criminal law, human rights, violence and justice) and through different kinds of actors (states, companies, international organisations, etc.) which, in turn, stand in relations of tension with each other or with one of the partial aims, values or goods. We also observe that correspondingly different types of legitimation and legitimacy of supranational orders compete with each other. Thus, political orders are often legitimised either by recourse to public interests or to social development or to democratic participation. The intention in Research Area III is to engage in empirical research and normative reflection on new types of legitimation in the plural.


Subsections of Research Area III:

1. Institutions and Modes of the Formation of Order beyond the State – Actors, Processes and Contradictions
2. The Security of Normative Orders - Peace, Law and Violence
3. The Legitimation of Supranational Orders - Public Interests, Effective Coordination and Democratic Participation

To the Research Group "Internet and Society": Click here...

 

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This research area unites projects which concentrate on the transformation of normative orders over extended periods of time or as a result of an opposition between conflicting normative orders. Here special attention is paid to the study of the relation between theory and empirical findings based on the diverse methodological approaches practised within the Cluster. The first subsection is devoted to possible modellings of transformation not only with a view to justification narratives but also to the associated social, political and cultural contexts, combining studies of a variety of influential narratives with empirical case studies. The second subsection deals with the consolidation of normative orders following periods of crisis and radical changes, with case studies extending from postrevolutionary situations in antiquity up to contemporary transformation processes in North Africa in the wake of the global economic and financial crisis. The third subsection comprises comprehensive studies of historical and contemporary constellations in which revitalised religious and nonreligious discourses become involved in a negotiation process over normative orders giving rise to new narratives of justification. Here the concentration will be on the so-called post-secular contemporary world (with a special interest in the wide spectrum of Islamist movements).

Subsections of Research Area 2:

1. Models of the Transformation of Normative Orders
2. Constitution Processes in Periods of Upheaval
3. Normative Lines of Conflict in Post-Secular Societies

To the Research Topic "Global Islam": Click here...

 

{ecno cmd=publication filter=research_field id=139}Publications of this research area:{/ecno}

During the second funding phase, the research of the Cluster will be primarily devoted to the closer study of the constitutive role of the justification dimension of normativity from systematic and historical perspectives and with a view to the present. During the first funding period a major emphasis of our research lay on maintaining the independence of the internal standpoint over against competing interpretations of normativity or social order, because we are convinced that the normative quality of such orders can be fully disclosed only from this standpoint. During the second funding phase we want to devote greater attention to the question of how justifications operate and are brought to bear in the reality of relations of power in society. In this context we take our orientation from the hypothesis that orders of justification are productive, and hence themselves give rise to facts. Here one could speak, to invert a famous dictum of the constitutional lawyer Georg Jellinek, of the ‘factual force of the normative’. The productive nature of the normative is expressed as a force which generates the dominant normative orders and hence relations of power, but also as a force which drives these same orders into processes of criticism and crisis and thereby transforms them, and also as a force for shaping institutions that gives rise to a plurality of dominant normative orders.

Research Area 1: The Normativity of Normative Orders: Origins, Vanishing Points, Performativity

The formation of normative orders is not understood in the research of the Cluster one-sidedly as a process in which power, rule and violence, or structures acting over long periods of time and other factors, operate where these are conceived as "external" factors, but as a process in which norms and normative orientations play a central role. Moreover, with the onset of modernity, the formation of normative orders itself becomes normative – that is, it becomes reflexive and gives rise to critical standards and procedures of critical examination of normative orders. As a result, normative orders become subjected to an incessant process of revision which compels them to change from within. At the same time, normative orders, viewed from a dialectical perspective, produce one-sided or false justifications or ones which immunise themselves from criticism, where the justifications in question exercise and generate power. This is the idea at the heart of the first research area which examines the ‘Normativity of Normative Orders’ with regard to its reflexivity, the genesis of normativity and how it is constituted through narratives, art and the media.

Subsections of Research Area 1:

1. The Reflexivity of Normative Orders - Justification, Rule and Critique
2. The Genesis of Normativity - Nature, Reason and Contingency
3. Narratives of Justification, Aesthetic Dimensions and the Mediality of Normative Orders

Research Area 2: The Dynamics of Normative Orders: Rupture, Change, Continuity

This research area unites projects which concentrate on the transformation of normative orders over extended periods of time or as a result of an opposition between conflicting normative orders. Here special attention is paid to the study of the relation between theory and empirical findings based on the diverse methodological approaches practised within the Cluster. The first subsection is devoted to possible modellings of transformation not only with a view to justification narratives but also to the associated social, political and cultural contexts, combining studies of a variety of influential narratives with empirical case studies. The second subsection deals with the consolidation of normative orders following periods of crisis and radical changes, with case studies extending from postrevolutionary situations in antiquity up to contemporary transformation processes in North Africa in the wake of the global economic and financial crisis. The third subsection comprises comprehensive studies of historical and contemporary constellations in which revitalised religious and nonreligious discourses become involved in a negotiation process over normative orders giving rise to new narratives of justification. Here the concentration will be on the so-called post-secular contemporary world (with a special interest in the wide spectrum of Islamist movements).

Subsections of Research Area 2:

1. Models of the Transformation of Normative Orders
2. Constitution Processes in Periods of Upheaval
3. Normative Lines of Conflict in Post-Secular Societies


Research Area 3: The Plurality of Normative Orders: Competition, Overlapping, Interconnection

The studies in this research area will be inspired and guided by a tripartite problem focus. In the first place, attention will be devoted to the diversity of competing patterns and forms of order above the level of the state. These are in the first instance the “old” concepts of order as stable power and rule, though their specific present-day realisations are often caught up in overlaps, and hence also in normative tensions, between global and regional, state, quasi-state and private processes of the formation of order. If one thinks of such a globally highly influential concept as that of (internal and external) security, it becomes clear that a global security order (being striven for) is already an inherently plural construct. Moreover, its realisation is pursued using different means and normative concepts (for example, peace, criminal law, human rights, violence and justice) and through different kinds of actors (states, companies, international organisations, etc.) which, in turn, stand in relations of tension with each other or with one of the partial aims, values or goods. We also observe that correspondingly different types of legitimation and legitimacy of supranational orders compete with each other. Thus, political orders are often legitimised either by recourse to public interests or to social development or to democratic participation. The intention in Research Area III is to engage in empirical research and normative reflection on new types of legitimation in the plural.

Subsections of Research Area 3:

1. Institutions and Modes of the Formation of Order beyond the State – Actors, Processes and Contradictions
2. The Security of Normative Orders - Peace, Law and Violence
3. The Legitimation of Supranational Orders - Public Interests, Effective Coordination and Democratic Participation

Research Projects 2012-2017: click here...

 

The formation of normative orders is not understood in the research of the Cluster one-sidedly as a process in which power, rule and violence, or structures acting over long periods of time and other factors, operate where these are conceived as "external" factors, but as a process in which norms and normative orientations play a central role. Moreover, with the onset of modernity, the formation of normative orders itself becomes normative – that is, it becomes reflexive and gives rise to critical standards and procedures of critical examination of normative orders. As a result, normative orders become subjected to an incessant process of revision which compels them to change from within. At the same time, normative orders, viewed from a dialectical perspective, produce one-sided or false justifications or ones which immunise themselves from criticism, where the justifications in question exercise and generate power. This is the idea at the heart of the first research area which examines the ‘Normativity of Normative Orders’ with regard to its reflexivity, the genesis of normativity and how it is constituted through narratives, art and the media.

Subsections of Research Area 1:

1. The Reflexivity of Normative Orders - Justification, Rule and Critique
2. The Genesis of Normativity - Nature, Reason and Contingency
3. Narratives of Justification, Aesthetic Dimensions and the Mediality of Normative Orders

To the Research Topic "Postcolonial Studies": Click here...

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Headlines

„Normative Ordnungen“, herausgegeben von Rainer Forst und Klaus Günther, ist im Suhrkamp Verlag erschienen

Am 17. April 2021 ist der Sammelband „Normative Ordnungen“ im Suhrkamp Verlag erschienen. Herausgegeben von den Clustersprechern Prof. Rainer Forst und Prof. Klaus Günther, bietet das Werk einen weit gefassten interdispziplinären Überblick über die Ergebnisse eines erfolgreichen wissenschaftlichen Projekts. Mehr...

Das Postdoc-Programm des Forschungsverbunds „Normative Ordnungen“: Nachwuchsförderung zwischen 2017 und 2020

Die Förderung des wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses ist seit je her ein integraler Bestandteil des Forschungsverbunds „Normative Ordnungen“. Das 2017 neu strukturierte, verbundseigene Postdoc-Programm bietet die besten Bedingungen zu forschen und hochqualifizierte junge Wissenschaftler*innen zu fördern. Zum Erfahrungsbericht: Hier...

Upcoming Events

19. September 2022, 13.00 Uhr

Book lɔ:ntʃ: Friedensfähig in Kriegszeiten - Friedensgutachten 2022. Mit Prof. Dr. Christopher Daase (Professor für Internationale Organisationen, Forschungsverbund "Normative Ordnungen" der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main und Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (HSFK)). Mehr...

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Latest Media

Videoarchiv

Weitere Videoaufzeichnungen finden Sie hier...

Antonio de Campos – Konzepte für Zaha Hadid. Zwischen Geniekult und geistigem Eigentum

Mit: Friederike von Brühl (Anwältin für Immaterialgüterrecht, Urheber- und Medienrecht), Antonio de Campos (Künstler, Architekt und Filmemacher), Vinzenz Hediger (Professor für Filmwissenschaft, Forschungsinitiative "ConTrust", Normative Orders) und Niklas Maak (Journalist und Architekturkritiker)
Moderation: Rebecca Caroline Schmidt (Normative Orders)
Podiumsgespräch im Rahmen der Ausstellung "Antonio de Campos – Konzepte für Zaha Hadid"

The Social Circumstances of Epistemic Trust

Prof. Dr. Lisa Herzog (Centre for Philosophy, Politics and Economics der Universität Groningen)
ConTrust Speaker Series

New full-text Publications

Rainer Forst (2021):

Solidarity: concept, conceptions, and contexts. Normative Orders Working Paper 02/2021. More...

Annette Imhausen (2021):

Sciences and normative orders: perspectives from the earliest sciences. Normative Orders Working Paper 01/2021. More...