Publication details

2011 Tahrir Square Demonstrations in Egypt: Semantic Structures That Unify And Divide, CyberOrient, Vol. 9, Iss. 2

Author(s): Khatib, Hakim
Year of publication: 2015

Abstract: While literature has focused on political, economic and social indicators to understand the shifts, or rather the fragmentationsof the political scene in Egypt, the role of semiotic constructions was significantly if not totally neglected. This article investigates whether the demands and messages produced by protesters of Tahrir Square in January 2011 have played a role in processes of unification and fragmentation of Egyptians. Following Roland Barthes’ (2006) and Chris Barker’s (2011) methods of linkage to define the meanings suggested by the commentaries that appeared on the banners during the demonstrations of 2011 in Egypt, this article argues that the demands, messages and meanings produced and suggested throughout the demonstrations of 2011 in Egypt have not been responded to accordingly; therefore they have created a complicated transformational process that is replete with polarization. The messages, which brought people to collectively act against authoritarianism, are the same messages that have outflanked them. An Egyptian profound debate to define the signified meanings at Tahrir Square has not occurred in Egypt leaving a tremendous space for interpretations and conflicting perceptions.

Keywords: democracy, Egypt, Arab Spring, activism, Internet studies

Research area: Research Area 2: The Dynamics of Normative Orders: Rupture, Change, Continuity
Research project: Formation of a New Gender Order in Tunisia after the Revolution

Full text:

Back to publications list


Rainer Forst zu Corresponding Fellow der British Academy gewählt

Wie die British Academy am 24. Juli bekannt gab, wurde Prof. Rainer Forst als Corresponding Fellow aufgenommen. Jährlich wählt die British Academy herausragende Gelehrte und Wissenschaftler*innen, die sich auf dem Gebiet der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften international verdient gemacht haben zu Corresponding Fellows. Mehr...

Bundesministerin Karliczek gibt Startschuss für das neue Forschungsinstitut Gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhalt

In einer Pressekonferenz hat Bundesministerin Anja Karliczek am 28. Mai 2020 den Startschuss für das neue Forschungsinstitut Gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhalt (FGZ) gegeben. Mit dabei waren Sprecherin Prof. Nicole Deitelhoff (Goethe-Uni, Normative Orders), sowie der Geschäftsführende Sprecher Prof. Matthias Middell (Uni Leipzig) und Sprecher Prof. Olaf Groh-Samberg (Uni Bremen). Nun kann auch das Frankfurter Teilinstitut seine Arbeit aufnehmen. Mehr...

Upcoming Events

15. Oktober 2020, 12 Uhr

Frankfurter Kolloquium für Internetforschung X: Eliška Pírková (Access Now, Brüssel): An Insider’s Guide to Safeguarding Human Rights in EU Digital Policy. Mehr...


Latest Media

„Autoritäre Bedrohungen oder liberale Demokratie?“ – Die offene Gesellschaft im Ausnahmezustand

Prof. Wilhelm Heitmeyer
DenkArt „Der normalisierte Ausnahmezustand“

Normative Orders Insights

... with Jakob Huber

New full-text Publications

Darrel Moellendorf (2020):

Hope and reasons. Normative Orders Working Paper 02/2020. More...

Kettemann, Matthias (2020):

The Normative Order of the Internet. Normative Orders Working Paper 01/2020. More...