Publication details

Confidence-Building Measures, Joint Democracy and Disputes among (Former) Rivals. New York, USA: 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association.

Other

Author(s): Kamis, Ben; Hasenclever, Andreas; Gottwald, Eva
Year of publication: 2009

Abstract: The present study provides quantitative empirical evidence that confidence-building measures are the missing link in the democratic peace. The dyadic formulation of the democratic peace refers to the empirical finding that two democracies rarely, if ever, fight wars against each other and that they are involved in fewer militarized interstate disputes than other pairs of states. There is yet no compelling explanation for this finding. Previous explanations relying on domestic democratic norms, interests, and institutional characteristics are deficient. Based on theoretical considerations and case study evidence, the present study argues that confidence-building measures are the crucial intervening variable between joint democracy and peace. Using an original dataset on confidence-building measures, covering 125 dyads with a history of rivalry between 1945 and 1999, the study demonstrates with the help of regression analyses that, for jointly democratic dyads, a comprehensive set of bilateral treaties and regional organizations with confidence-building capacity significantly and substantially reduces the risk of MID occurrence.

Keywords: interstate rivalry, confidence-building measures, logistic regression, conflict management, democratic peace

Back to publications list


Headlines

Rainer Forst zu Corresponding Fellow der British Academy gewählt

Wie die British Academy am 24. Juli bekannt gab, wurde Prof. Rainer Forst als Corresponding Fellow aufgenommen. Jährlich wählt die British Academy herausragende Gelehrte und Wissenschaftler*innen, die sich auf dem Gebiet der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften international verdient gemacht haben zu Corresponding Fellows. Mehr...

Bundesministerin Karliczek gibt Startschuss für das neue Forschungsinstitut Gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhalt

In einer Pressekonferenz hat Bundesministerin Anja Karliczek am 28. Mai 2020 den Startschuss für das neue Forschungsinstitut Gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhalt (FGZ) gegeben. Mit dabei waren Sprecherin Prof. Nicole Deitelhoff (Goethe-Uni, Normative Orders), sowie der Geschäftsführende Sprecher Prof. Matthias Middell (Uni Leipzig) und Sprecher Prof. Olaf Groh-Samberg (Uni Bremen). Nun kann auch das Frankfurter Teilinstitut seine Arbeit aufnehmen. Mehr...

Upcoming Events

27. Oktober 2020, 19.30 Uhr

Online Discussion: Rethinking the Transatlantic: The U.S. Elections and the Challenges to a Sustainable Transatlantic Partnership. With Ambassador Daniel Benjamin, Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitelhoff and Jürgen Trittin MP. Chair: Rebecca C. Schmidt. Mehr...

6. November 2020, 16 Uhr

Online-Buchpräsentation: Debating Critical Theory - Engagements with Axel Honneth. Mit: Amy Allen, Rainer Forst, Sally Haslanger, Axel Honneth, Beate Rössler und Martin Saar. Moderation: Daniel Loick und Kristina Lepold. Mehr...

-----------------------------------------

Latest Media

„Autoritäre Bedrohungen oder liberale Demokratie?“ – Die offene Gesellschaft im Ausnahmezustand

Prof. Wilhelm Heitmeyer
DenkArt „Der normalisierte Ausnahmezustand“


Normative Orders Insights

... with Jakob Huber

New full-text Publications

Darrel Moellendorf (2020):

Hope and reasons. Normative Orders Working Paper 02/2020. More...

Kettemann, Matthias (2020):

The Normative Order of the Internet. Normative Orders Working Paper 01/2020. More...