The Formation of Transnational Criminal Law Regimes

The project investigates the formation of transnational regimes of criminal law in the 18th and 19th centuries as manifested in international treaties, national criminal law codes, international discourses among experts and various state practices. One of the principal goals is to analyze interdependencies among transnational and national norms, actual state practice, and international discourses, conferences and organizations. Of particular interest in this context is the study of political crimes, which were perceived as posing cross-border threats to security and served as a narrative to promote the development of transnational regimes of criminal law.

The subproject enriches the research area with valuable empirical and historical material on the development of transnational legal orders in modernity. It reconstructs the formation of transnational regimes of criminal law in the 18th and 19th century. By focusing on specific areas of transnational legal cooperation – extradition, political asylum, judicial assistance and police cooperation – and a variety of state and non-state actors, ranging from the European powers to states in Latin America and Asia, this research uncovers the interdependencies among transnational regimes of security and criminal law as well as international normative orders. These enable us to explain the emergence of legal pluralism, fragmentation and collisions of legal regimes.

Two dissertation projects tackled important questions. Conrad Tyrichter analyzed “Political Crime and Transnational Criminal Law Regimes in the 19th Century: The Example of the German Confederation,” and Tina Hannappe researched “Transnational Criminal Law Regimes, 1871-1914: The Reactions of German and European Legal Systems to Political Violence.” A 2014 workshop yielded an edited volume, which is due to appear in 1917 and whose working title is “International Security, Political Crime and Resistance: The Transnationalization of Normative Orders and the Formation of Criminal Law Regimes in the 19th and 20th Centuries.” In addition, the team expanded its cooperation with the ERC research project in Leiden (B. de Graaf) and the Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) “Dynamics of Security” in Marburg/Giessen.

Investigating political crime and conflicts, ranging from political dissidence, refugees and exiles, to insurgencies, assassinations and other forms of political violence, which were perceived as cross-border security threats or were criminalized, emphasizes the significance of narratives of justification for the emergence of normative orders. It shows the extent to which observable processes of securitization and desecuritization, as well as codification and recodification, contributed to a durable normative order of transnational security and to criminal law regimes, and with it, to transnational governance of violence, crime and security.

The most important publications of this project:

Härter, Karl/Tina Hannappel/Conrad Tyrichter (eds.): International Security, Political Crime, and Resistance: The Transnationalisation of Normative Orders and the Formation of Criminal Law Regimes in the 19th and 20th Century, forthcoming.

Härter, Karl: “Security and Transnational Policing of Political Subversion and International Crime in Central Europe after 1815”, in: B. de Graaf/I. de Haan/B. Vick (eds.): Securing Europe. 1815 and the new European security culture, forthcoming.

Härter, Karl: “Attentatsbilder in populären Druckmedien: Politische Attentate und strafrechtlich-polizeiliche Reaktionen in Europa zwischen Aufklärung, Revolution und Vormärz (1757–1820)“, in: T. Haug/A. Krischer (eds.): Höllische Ingenieure. Attentate und Verschwörungen als politische Delinquenz, ca. 1300–1850, forthcoming.

Hannappel, Tina: “ ‘Doch konnten bis jetzt keine Thatsachen constatirt werden‘: Attentatsfurcht und Strafrechtspraxis am Beispiel Duchesne-Poncelet 1873–76“, in: T. Haug/A. Krischer (eds.): Höllische Ingenieure. Attentate und Verschwörungen als politische Delinquenz, ca. 1300–1850, forthcoming.

Tyrichter, Conrad: “Das Attentat auf König Louis-Philippe I. am 28. Juli 1835 und die Formierung transnationaler Sicherheitsregime in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts“, in: T. Haug/A. Krischer (eds.): Höllische Ingenieure. Attentate und Verschwörungen als politische Delinquenz, ca. 1300–1850, forthcoming.

 


People in this project:

  • Project director / contact
  • Project members
    • Hannappel, Tina (former member) | Profile


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