Reihe Gerechtigkeit

Was heißt Gerechtigkeit heute?

Zur Aktualität eines umkämpften Ideals

15 November 2010, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

To open the series of lectures and discussions, the concept of justice will be examined from different perspectives and within different horizons of experience. We encounter justice in the most diverse domains as an ideal to which different, and often conflicting, social actors appeal. Each individual judges intuitively whether the actions of others seem just to him, though also whether his own conduct is just towards others. But what does justice mean and what does it comprise? With reference to what standards and criteria can what is just be judged? What are the implications of a negotiated concept of justice for the different areas of conduct? And what is the point of the quest for justice? Is there even an attainable ideal?

The panel

Hartmut Fritz is director of the Caritasverband Frankfurt am Main.

Klaus Günther is Speaker of the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’ and Professor of Legal Theory, Criminal Law and Law of Criminal Procedure at the Goethe University Frankfurt.

Jan Lamprecht is Chairman of the Frankfurter Jugendring and is a research associate at the Institute of Physics Education at the Goethe University Frankfurt.

Werner Müller-Esterl is President of the Goethe University Frankfurt and Professor of Biochemistry.

Moderator: Dr. Matthias Arning (FR)

Bilder der Gerechtigkeit

Zum Verständnis der ersten Tugend sozialer Institutionen

29 November 2010, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

Rainer Forst develops his approach to justice in contrast to the popular maxim ‘to each his own’. In doing so he emphasises four aspects. First, the issue of production: Which goods should be produced and how should their production be organised? Second, the political dimension of justice: Who determines the structures of production and distribution? Third, the participation necessary for this: claims to goods and social positions must be established by discursive means in procedures of justification. Fourth, cases in which scarcity of goods is the result of mechanisms of injustice are often not sufficiently distinguished from those where, for example, it is caused by natural disasters. In this way acts of moral solidarity can be mistaken for acts of justice. Thus it must be concluded that justice is primarily concerned with intersubjective relations and structures and not with providing goods. Only through a careful consideration of the first question of justice – the justifiability of social relations and of how the ‘power of justification’ is distributed in the political domain – is a critical conception of justice possible.

The speaker
Rainer Forst is the Speaker of the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’ at the Goethe University Frankfurt and Professor of Political Theory and Philosophy.

Moderator: Dr. Christian Schlüter (FR)

Lecture: click here (pdf)

Die neue Klassenfrage

Strategien gegen Bildungsarmut: Schulsystem und soziale Blockaden

6 December 2010, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

There is general agreement that education sets the stage for social exclusion or inclusion. Yet what would a just school system look like, what model would it have to follow and what concrete measures would be required? Who are the relevant actors and what means are required for effectively combating injustice? Proponents of the principle of equality call for equal access to all domains of education. However, the call for equality raises new questions which revolve around issues such as promoting personal skills, cultural differences and performance requirements. Researchers and practitioners discuss a central issue of justice of our time.

The panel

Jutta Ebeling (The Greens) is Mayor and Head of the Department of Education and Women’s Affairs of the City of Frankfurt.

Andreas Gold is Professor of Educational Psychology at the Goethe University Frankfurt.

Wolfgang Herbst is Headmaster of the boarding school Hansenberg Castle in Geisenheim-Johannisberg.

Udo Rauin is Professor of Empirical School and Classroom Research at the Goethe University Frankfurt and Director of the Centre for Teacher Training and School and Classroom Research.

Mechthild Wagenhoff is Headmistress of the Carlo-Mierendorff-Schule, an integrated comprehensive school of the City of Frankfurt.

Moderator: Katja Irle (FR)

Arbeit und Anerkennung

Anmerkungen zu einem grundlegenden Verhältnis

13 December 2010, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

What does occupational justice involve? In his theory of recognition, Axel Honneth develops a differentiated conception of good or successful identity-formation. Fundamental to his approach are the three dimensions of social recognition, namely love, legal equality and social esteem, which are crucial for a good life. The social basic structure can be examined as to whether it makes a good life possible for its members or whether it is fundamentally deficient with regard to recognition. In the special case of work relations, deficiencies in recognition could be the result of the low social esteem attached to certain occupations, such as geriatric care, housework or the service sector. In modern times, however, social esteem as a form of recognition is no longer guaranteed, according to Honneth. He traces this back to the fact that professional fields are not organised into solidarity-based groups which have agreed upon shared, honourable values, and he asks: ‘How would the category of social labour have to be integrated into the framework of a social theory in order to give rise to a not just utopian prospect of qualitative improvements?’

The speaker

Axel Honneth is Professor of Social Philosophy and Executive Director of the Institute of Social Research.

Moderator: Dr. Christian Schlüter (FR)

Ökologie als soziale Frage

Environmental Justice: Wen trifft der Klimawandel?

17 January 2011, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

Although climate change represents a threat to global civilisation which can no longer be denied, when it comes to the associated calls for action it is also a controversial matter of justice. In the theory of action, global problems such as climate change run into the need for clarification, as became evident in the 2009 UN Climate Change Conference: What aid should be given to those affected, especially in the Third World, who do not have access to the necessary means themselves? How can calls for action without institutional obligations be translated into practice on the basis of voluntary treaties? How should the relation between statehood, the free market economy and international justice be defined? And what role can the climate policy in Frankfurt play in this?

The panel

Tanja Brühl is Professor of Political Science at the Goethe University Frankfurt. Her research focuses on international institutions and peace processes.

Manuela Rottmann (The Greens) is Head of the Department of the Environment and Health of the City of Frankfurt

Christian-Dietrich Schönwiese was the director of the working group on climate research at the Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences at the Goethe University Frankfurt until 2006.

Moderator: Joachim Wille (FR)

Rechnung auf morgen

 

Schuldenfalle und Zukunftsinvestitionen: Was schulden wir zukünftigen Generationen?

24. Januar 2011, 19.30 Uhr

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

‘Intergenerational justice’ is a popular catchword which seems to be a sustaining ideology especially among younger politicians. The Council of Economic Experts defines it as follows with reference to the national and social welfare budgets: ‘A financial policy is sustainable when there is no sustainability gap, thus when the value of the latter is zero’. The principle of solidarity and the intergenerational contract are coming under increasing strain not only on account of the dramatic increase in the public debt but also because of adverse demographic developments, rising costs and growing unemployment. But what does justice between the generations actually mean? How can we be just towards unborn human beings when we do not and cannot know their specific needs and desires? Does intergenerational justice primarily mean saving and consolidating? Or is it also in the interest of future generations that we should invest today?

The speaker
Stefan Gosepath is Professor of International Political Theory of the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’ at the Goethe University Frankfurt.

Moderator: Dr. Matthias Arning (FR)

An anderen Orten

 

Empathie und eigene Sorgen: Wie solidarisch ist unsere Gesellschaft nach außen?

31 January 2011, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

Conceptualising justice beyond national borders represents a major extension of the standard of justice. At the latest since the globalisation debate of the mid-1990s it has been generally recognised that neither questions of international nor of domestic justice can be answered from a national perspective. The classical concept of ‘development aid’ was superseded by the concept of ‘global structural policy’ which features prominently in the reform of supranational institutions such as the World Bank and the IMF. With the rise of the emerging economies, densely populated countries have made efforts to escape the poverty trap, an advance which at the same time represents a challenge for the industrialised countries to arrive at a generalisable regime of resource and energy use. But how extensive is our duty of solidarity? Does the current economic and financial crisis outweigh our responsibility towards others? And which institutions require a policy of international justice in order to achieve their goals?

The panel

Nicole Deitelhoff is Professor of International Relations and Theories of Global Regulatory Policy of the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’.

Tom Koenigs (Alliance 90/The Greens) is Chairman of the Committee on Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid and is a member of the Defence Committee in the German Bundestag.

Moderator: Dr. Christian Schlüter (FR)

Frankfurt is it!

Wem gehört die Stadt?
Gerechtigkeit und kulturelle Teilhabe

7 February 2011, 7.30pm

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

The concluding podium discussion is devoted to the issue of cultural participation. What cultural means do we wish to or are we compelled to mobilise in response to the precarious social situation? What does ‘participation’ mean and how can we achieve genuine access for all? What role does financing, and thus the problem of redistribution, play in this? What forms could cultural integration take? Emancipatory, encouraging, educational? And what are people’s concrete experiences in Frankfurt?

The panel

Alexander Brill is an actor and stage director and the founder and director of the theaterperipherie and the laiensclub at the Schauspiel Frankfurt.

Clémentine Deliss is Director of the Frankfurt Museum of World Cultures since 2010.

Christoph Menke is Professor of Philosophy with a concentration on ‘Practical Philosophy’ in the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’ at the Goethe University Frankfurt.

Felix Semmelroth (CDU) is Head of the Department of Culture and Science of the City of Frankfurt and Honorary Professor of English Literature at the TU Darmstadt.

Moderator: Dr. Matthias Arning (FR)

What does justice mean today?

It seems as though justice has won the contest over which good should count as the supreme social good. We encounter justice in the most diverse domains as an ideal to which different, and often conflicting, social actors appeal. For example, all participants in the discussion over the reform of the welfare state without exception justify their conflicting positions – whether in support of reform, retrenchment or expansion – by appeal to precepts of justice. Most of our judgements about what is just are intuitive, for example when we say that in society – whether in the education system or the labour market – equality of opportunity should prevail or that performance should be rewarded. At the same time, the theory of justice shows us how diverse the corresponding justifications and orientations can be.

Read more...

Programme:

15 November 2010, 7.30pm
Round table
Was heißt Gerechtigkeit heute? Zur Aktualität eines umkämpften Ideals
Further information: click here

29 November 2010, 7.30pm
Lecture
Prof. Dr. Rainer Forst (Sprecher des Exzellenzcluster „Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen“)
Bilder der Gerechtigkeit. Zum Verständnis der ersten Tugend sozialer Institutionen
Further information: click here
Lecture: click here (pdf)

6 December 2010, 7.30pm
Round table
Die neue Klassenfrage. Strategien gegen Bildungsarmut: Schulsystem und soziale Blockaden
Further information: click here

13 December 2010, 7.30pm
Lecture
Prof. Dr. Axel Honneth (Exzellenzcluster „Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen“)
Arbeit und Anerkennung. Anmerkungen zu einem grundlegenden Verhältnis
Further information: click here

17 January 2011, 7.30pm
Round table
Ökologie als soziale Frage. Environmental Justice: Wen trifft der Klimawandel?
Further information: click here

24 January 2011, 7.30pm
Lecture
Prof. Dr. Stefan Gosepath (Exzellenzcluster „Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen“)
Rechnung auf morgen. Schuldenfalle und Zukunftsinvestitionen: Was schulden wir zukünftigen Generationen?
Further information: click here

31 January 2011, 7.30pm
Round table
An anderen Orten. Empathie und eigene Sorgen: Wie solidarisch ist unsere Gesellschaft nach außen?
Further information: click here

7 February 2011, 7.30pm
Round table
Frankfurt is it! Wem gehört die Stadt? Gerechtigkeit und kulturelle Teilhabe
Further information: click here

Frankfurter Rundschau / Depot Sachsenhausen / Karl-Gerold-Platz 1 / Frankfurt am Main

Series on Justice: What does justice mean today?

It seems as though justice has won the contest over which good should count as the supreme social good. We encounter justice in the most diverse domains as an ideal to which different, and often conflicting, social actors appeal. For example, all participants in the discussion over the reform of the welfare state without exception justify their conflicting positions – whether in support of reform, retrenchment or expansion – by appeal to precepts of justice. Most of our judgements about what is just are intuitive, for example when we say that in society – whether in the education system or the labour market – equality of opportunity should prevail or that performance should be rewarded. At the same time, the theory of justice shows us how diverse the corresponding justifications and orientations can be.

A systematic treatment of what is meant by political and social justice can serve as a benchmark and orientation for many current debates. It is also important to balance repeatedly the competing claims in different fields against each other – from educational and occupational justice to environmental justice, from international justice to intergenerational justice. The series ‘What does justice mean today?’ will combine basic considerations with practical approaches and local references in these fields. Issues of justice are among the central research topics of the co-organiser of this series, the Cluster of Excellence ‘The Formation of Normative Orders’. A major focus is current conflicts over the formation of a new global order, which are fuelled to a large extent by the demands of human beings for justice. Here, too, a decisive role is played by the diverse and often conflicting convictions of the parties to the conflict concerning a just social order and how it is justified.

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