Professorship of the Cluster of Excellence – International Organizations (Prof. Dr. Christopher Daase)

The Chair and the members of the unit “International Organizations” analyze the emergence, the transformation and the effects of international norms and institutions. In doing so, they focus on issues of peace and international security. Norms (e.g., the norm to apologize for past injustice or the norm to intervene in case of massive human rights violations) have been analyzed in terms of their emergence, how they change under conflict, how they are institutionalized and what effects they generate. Specific projects deal with (1) humanitarian intervention and responsibility, (2) norms of international recognition, and (3) the ways in which international institutions and organizations have come under attack by state and non-state actors in recent years.

(1)    Humanitarian Interventions and Responsibility  
 A central question of current international security policy is the following: under what circumstances may the sovereignty of a state be compromised in order to save human beings under severe risk of becoming victims of human rights violations. The debate about “humanitarian intervention” has changed in recent years by reinterpreting sovereignty not (exclusively) in terms of the right to avert external interference, but also in terms of responsibility vis-à-vis one’s own population. To what extent has this shift lowered the threshold for military intervention? Is the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) a legal or a moral norm and how has it changed the normative order of the international system? These questions were addressed at international workshops and conferences as well as in a number of publications produced by the professorship. Central to these discussions was the tension between legal and moral normativity entailed by the responsibility for international human rights.

(2)    International Recognition
Many international conflicts are as much about grievance as they are about greed. Their common denominator are conflicting claims for recognition: recognition of entitlement to land or resources, rule or political participation, status and identity. The struggle for recognition can have paradoxical effects. On the one hand, recognition provides the basis for mutual acceptance, accommodation, and cooperation. On the other hand, recognition raises the stakes in a conflict, thus accentuating differences and escalating the violence. When do struggles over recognition turn violent and destroy social bonds? Under what conditions do they lead to integrative normative orders and what inherent dynamics are at play? Conflicts of recognition were the focus of an international conference and an edited volume that came out of it. Especially important are the ideas of “gradual recognition” through which civil war parties may be convinced to renounce violence step by step and reembrace the political process.

(3)    International Dissidence
In recent years, International institutions and organizations have increasingly become targets of critique and resistance. Not only civil society groups but also states are distancing themselves more or less vehemently from the norms and institutions of the liberal world order. This is why we have turned our focus to international dissidence and how resistance in general interacts with systems of rule and authority. In collaboration with the Chair on “International Relations and Theories of International Order” of the Cluster, a research group on “International Dissidence” has been established which brings together five distinct research projects on forms of resistance and a number of PhDs and Postdocs whose research focuses on rule and/or resistance. The research group has organized an ongoing lecture series (Protest – Resistance – Insurgence: Struggles over Normative Orders), several national and international conferences and workshops (most recently an authors’ workshop to finalize papers from the Cluster’s lecture series “Beyond Anarchy: Rule and Resistance in the International System” for publication). From this focus, several publications have already emerged, more are in preparation, and new grant proposals have been developed.

Beyond these projects, other externally funded projects have been carried out in recent years: “Security Culture in Transformation” (funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Science), “Guilt and Reconciliation in International Relations” (funded by the German Foundation for Peace Research), and “Transnational Cooperation among Terrorist Groups” (funded by the German Research Foundation - DFG).

The most important publications of this professorship of the Cluster of Excellence:

Daase, Christopher/Nicole Deitelhoff/Ben Kamis/Jannik Pfister/Philip Wallmeier(eds.): Herrschaft in den Internationalen Beziehungen, Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2017. (Therein: „Einleitung“ and papers of the PI and project collaborators).

*Daase, Christopher/Julian Junk/Gabi Schlag (eds.): Transformations of Security Studies - Dialogues, Discipline and Diversity, London: Routledge (PRIO New Security Studies Series). (Therein: Christopher Daase, „On Paradox and Pathologies: A Cultural Approach to Security“ and „Introduction to the Volume“)

Daase, Christopher & James Davis: Clausewitz On Small War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Daase, Christopher/Caroline Fehl/Anna Geis/Georgios Kolliarakis (eds.): Recognition in International Relations. Rethinking a Political Concept in a Global Context, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

*Daase, Christopher & Nicole Deitelhoff: „Jenseits der Anarchie: Widerstand und Herrschaft im internationalen System“, in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift 56: 2, pp. 299-318.

*Deitelhoff, Nicole & Christopher Daase: „Herrschaftszeiten. Internationale Politische Theorie als Gesellschaftstheorie der internationalen Beziehungen“, in: Zeitschrift für Politische Theorie, Jg. 6, Heft 2/2015, pp. 141–158.

The most important events of this professorship of the Cluster of Excellence:

Lecture Series "Angriff auf die liberale Weltordnung – U.S. Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik unter Trump", April 20-July 20, 2017, Goethe-University Frankfurt.

International Conference „International Dissidence. Rule and Resistance in a globalized world“,March 2-4, 2017, Goethe-University Frankfurt.

Lecture Series „Protest - Widerstand - Aufstand. Streit um politische Ordnungen", November 09-July 11, 2017 (organized in cooperation with Nicole Deitelhoff).

Workshop „Protest und Widerstand im Zeitalter digitaler Medienkonstellationen“ May 6+27, 2016, Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main.  

International Expert Workshop „The Problem of Recognition in Global Politics“ (Chairs: Georgios Kolliarakis, Anna Geis, Christopher Daase, Caroline Fehl) University of Frankfurt, Cluster of Excellence “The Formation of Normative Orders”, June 21-22, 2012, Frankfurt am Main.


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