Fellows

Dr. Alessandra Santangelo

Research fellow in Criminal Law, Department of Legal Studies, University of Bologna

Duration of Stay
Since October 2022

In cooperation with Prof. Dr. Christoph Burchard

Dr Alessandra Santangelo (*1989) is research fellow in Criminal Law at the Alma Mater Research Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence - (Alma AI), Department of Legal Studies, University of Bologna. She obtained her PhD in Legal Studies from the University of Bologna, developing her research on predictability in the criminal sphere towards the interconnections between national and supranational jurisdictions. She was visiting researcher at Queen Mary University London (2019) as well as at the Goethe University Frankfurt (2021). Previously, she obtained an LLM, with specialisation in European Law, at King’s College London (2013). Her research has focused on predictability of criminal norms, analysing the possible convergence between common law and civil law legal orders. On the subject, she recently published a book with Giappichelli editor (2022). Currently, she is working on the applications of predictive algorithms in the criminal process. In particular, her ongoing research analyses a specific computational language which might support judicial interpretation at the national level, fostering the identification of relevant line of precedents as well as encouraging consistency within national criminal courts.

Research Project Title
In Predictive Algorithms We Trust?

Research abstract
Algorithmic predictions are being used ubiquitously in our algorithmic societies, inter alia in credit scoring, individualized advertisements - and also in the realm of criminal law and justice. Use cases of algorithmic predictions include predictive policing, predictive charging and algorithmic risk assessment as well as algorithmic proportionality checks during sentencing. I ask: (Why) would we put (justified, blind etc.?) trust in algorithmic predictions? (How) is trust in predictions related to the underlying conflicts in criminal law and justice? And (how) do algorithmic predictions, and our trust in them, cope with the uncertainty of the future (possibly by closing the future, and by supposedly rendering it predictable in the present)? In asking these questions, I inquire into how algorithmic predictions transform our traditional principles of criminal law & justice.

Publications (selection)
Santangelo, A. (2022), Precedente e prevedibilità. Profili di deontologia ermeneutica nell’era del diritto penale giurisprudenziale, Giappichelli ed.
Santangelo, A. (2020), Irreducible Life Sentences and Rehabilitation. A Point of Juncture between Strasbourg and Rome, in The Italian Law Journal (ESI), 2, 520-535.
Santangelo, A. (2019), Ai confini tra common law e civil law: la prevedibilità del divieto nella giurisprudenza di Strasburgo, in Rivista italiana di diritto e procedura penale (Giuffrè ed), 1, 332-357.
Santangelo, A. (2019), La rivoluzione dolce del principio rieducativo tra Roma e Strasburgo, in Cassazione penale (Giuffrè ed), 10, 3769-3785.
Santangelo, A. (2018), Profili attuali della soggezione del giudice alla “legge” e della vincolatività del precedente, in Diritto penale contemporaneo – Rivista trimestrale, 4, 50-64.

 

Prof. Sanjay Reddy

Associate Professor of Economics, The New School for Social Research in New York, USA

Duration of Stay
June to July 2022

In cooperation with Prof. Dr. Rainer Forst

(c) Sanjay ReddySanjay Reddy is an economist working at the intersection of economics, philosophy and politics, and deeply concerned with themes in global justice, development. well-being and related issues. I have been working on these questions for three decades.

Research Project title: Cooperation: Rational vs. Social

Research abstract
Is cooperation rational? On one account, which is the dominant one in the social sciences and in decision theory - based on "rational choice" based analyses of cooperation - cooperation is seen as being frequently irrational, even when all parties acting cooperatively would benefit each of them. This is because in some situations (for instance, the famous prisoner's dilemma) acting cooperatively seems to require acting against one's own interest, conceived in terms of concepts such as the "dominant strategy".   The "rational" justification for acting cooperatively in such situations has generally, in this tradition, been based upon the idea that players faced with the same situation repeatedly would weigh the benefits of deviating from cooperation in the short term against the losses in the long term from other parties withdrawing their cooperation as a result. Cooperation sustained on the basis of such a calculation has been referred to in game theory as "trusting" behavior, but this seems a misnomer, since it appears to be merely "an encapsulation of self-interest". As such, it cannot explain the decision to cooperate in a situation such as the (one shot) prisoner's dilemma, in which standard rational choice theory would insist that cooperation is contrary to self-interest.  What, then, is trust, and what role does it have to play in cooperation? Can it also provide explanatory resources that go beyond the traditionally conceived  forms of "rational choice" theory? We might hypothesize that trust in the context of cooperation is defined by a reliance on a belief that others will act cooperatively (in a manner that may or may not be contingent upon one's own actions). For cooperation to be underpinned by trust, then, is for the cooperating agents to possess a belief that others will cooperate, and for that belief to help to sustain their own acts of cooperation. Cooperation understood in this way is compatible with the game theoretic understanding of cooperation arising in repeated play on the basis of self-interest but is in no way dependent on that narrow idea. The question of how to explain cooperation (if it is thought to need explanation) is in this perspective displaced onto another question, which is that of how it is that trust comes to exist and to be warranted. The project develops and elaborates these ideas.

Publications (selection)
- Beyond Property or Beyond Piketty?, forthcoming in: British Journal of Sociology
- "Population Health, Economics and Ethics in The Age of Covid-19, in: BMJ Global Health, Vol. 5, Issue 7.
- What is an Explanation? Statistical Physics and Economics, in: European Physics Journal Special Topics, July 2020, Vol 229. 

Prof. Pooja Rangan

Associate Professor of English and Chair of Film and Media Studies, Amherst College, Massachusetts, USA

From May 24, 2022 to June 21, 2022

In cooperation with Prof. Dr. Vinzenz Hediger

The fellowship is part of the Research Initiative "ConTrust: Trust in Conflict - Political Life under Conditions of Uncertainty".

Pooja Rangan is a documentary scholar based in Amherst College, where she is Associate Professor of English and Chair of Film and Media Studies. Rangan is the author of the award-winning book Immediations: The Humanitarian Impulse in Documentary (Duke UP, 2017) and co-editor of Thinking with an Accent: Toward a New Object, Method, and Practice (forthcoming from UC Press, 2023). She is currently completing a book titled On Documentary Listening, and co-authoring a book with Brett Story on abolitionist documentary.

Research project title:
On Documentary Listening

Research abstract:
On Documentary Listening argues, contra the popular (and scholarly) refrain that documentary films “give voice” to silenced social perspectives, that documentaries don’t just receive and attend to the world; that the genre’s most common oral and aural conventions model normative listening habits and practices that actively filter, arrange, design, and build reality. The book frames documentary listening as a political act that distributes attentional and material resources, and contours relational and political prospects. The four chapters of the book ("The Documentary Audit"; "Listening with an Accent"; "Listening in Crip Time"; "Listening like an Abolitionist") each reflect on the implicit values and comportments embedded in common documentary listening habits, in pursuit of unlikely origins, forgotten chapters, and oppositional itineraries. Throughout, I listen otherwise for counterhabits that remain open to what is difficult, different, or radically strange.

Publications (selection):

“Inaudible Evidence: Counterforensic Listening in Contemporary Documentary Art,” in Deep Mediations, edited by Karen Redrobe and Jeff Scheible (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2021; awarded Best Edited Collection by Society for Cinema and Media Studies, 2022)
“Four Propositions on True Crime and Abolition,” co-authored with Brett Story, World Records (Special Feature, 2021)
“Auditing the Call Center Voice: Accented Speech and Listening in Sonali Gulati’s Nalini by Day, Nancy by Night (2005),” in Vocal Projections: Voices in Documentary, edited by Annabelle Honess Roe and Maria Pramaggiore (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018), 29-44.
Immediations: The Humanitarian Impulse in Documentary (Duke University Press, 2017) (2019 Harry Levin Prize for Outstanding First Book from ACLA)

Events:

June 7: Lecture - "Listening in Crip Time: Toward New Forms of Documentary Trust"
June 13 & 14: "Contested Forms. A Workshop on Documentary, Trust and Conflict"

Adam R. Rosenthal

Assistant Professor of Global Languages and Cultures, Texas A&M University, College Station, USA

May - July 2022

In cooperation with Prof. Dr. Martin Saar

The fellowship is part of the Research Initiative "ConTrust: Trust in Conflict - Political Life under Conditions of Uncertainty".

Adam R. Rosenthal is Assistant Professor in the Department of Global Languages and Cultures at Texas A&M University. Rosenthal is the author of Poetics and the Gift: Reading Poetry from Homer to Derrida (Edinburgh UP, 2022), and the editor of "Derrida's Classroom," a special issue of Poetics Today 42.1 (2021). He is currently completing a book on deconstruction, biotechnology, and indefinite life, titled Prosthetic Immortalities.

Research project title:
Political Autoimmunity and Trust: Derridean Deconstruction and Conflict Studies

Publications (selection):

- Poetics and the Gift: Reading Poetry from Homer to Derrida, Edinburgh University Press, 2022 (PDF links to Preface)
https://www.academia.edu/64312555/Poetics_and_the_Gift_Preface_and_Intro_Rosenthal

- "Who Wants to Live... Indefinitely? Transhumanism, Biology, and Our Biotechnological Present," Philosophical Salon, 2021
https://thephilosophicalsalon.com/who-wants-to-live-indefinitely-transhumanism-biology-and-our-biotechnological-present/

- "Clon'd: Or a Note on Propagation," Substance 48.1 (2019): 46-62.
https://www.academia.edu/38638044/Clond_or_a_Note_on_Propagation

Events:
July 14, (18-21h) Lecture: Unconditionality, Possibility, and the Future of the University

PD Dr. Bernhard Jakl

Privatdozent an der Rechtswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster und der Philosophischen Fakultät der LMU München

April–September 2022

In Zusammenarbeit mit Prof. Dr. Beatrice Brunhöber und Prof. Dr. Klaus Günther

Das Fellowship ist Teil der Arbeitsgruppe 1: Demokratie und Arbeitsgruppe 2: Zwang und Sanktion der Forschungsinitiative "ConTrust – Vertrauen im Konflikt. Politisches Zusammenleben unter Bedingungen der Ungewissheit" und findet in Zuzsammenarbeit mit dem Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften der Goethe-Universität statt

PD PD Dr. Bernhard Jakl ist Privatdozent an der Rechtswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster und der Fakultät für Philosophie, Wissenschaftstheorie und Religionswissenschaft der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Nach seiner Promotion an der LMU München hat er sich dort mit einer Arbeit über die Autonomie des Rechts habilitiert (2012, Venia Legendi für Philosophie) und an der Universität Münster mit einer Arbeit über das deutsche und europäische Schuldvertragsrecht (2017, Venia Legendi für Bürgerliches Recht, Europäisches Privatrecht, Medizinrecht, Rechtsphilosophie und Rechtssoziologie). Er hat an den Universitäten Frankfurt am Main, München, Münster, Siegen und des Saarlandes gelehrt.

Forschungsschwerpunkte:
Bürgerliches Recht und Europäisches Privatrecht, Recht der Digitalisierung, Medizinrecht; Grundlagen des Rechts, insbes. Rechtsphilosophie, Rechtssoziologie und interdisziplinäre Rechtsforschung; Praktische Philosophie, Geschichte der Philosophie, insbes. klassische deutsche Philosophie (Kant, Fichte, Hegel).

Forschungsthema:
»Autonomie-orientierte Normenbegründung als vertrauensbildende Konfliktbewältigung der globalen Digitalisierung«

Projektbeschreibung:
Aktuelle Vertrauenskrisen im demokratischen Rechtsstaat spiegeln sich in besonderem Maße bei der Frage, wie die digitalen Umwälzungen rechtlich eingehegt werden sollen. Bisherige Entwicklungen des Datenschutzes, des Wettbewerbsrechts und der Meinungsfreiheit legen nahe, dass grenzüberschreitende Vorgaben für ein grenzenloses Internet bei gleichzeitig territorial begrenzter Verbindlichkeit demokratischer Gesetzgebung wesentlich über eine Informalisierung staatlicher Macht erreicht werden können.
Ziel des Projekts ist es, diese Veränderungen der Konfliktbearbeitung und des damit einhergehenden Rechtsvertrauens herauszuarbeiten. Dazu werde ich rechtliche Argumentationsstränge diskutieren, die unter den sich wandelnden Bedingungen der Digitalisierung eine kollektiv wie individuell autonomie-orientierte Konfliktbearbeitung weiterhin ermöglichen. (Bernhard Jakl)

Veröffentlichungen (Auswahl):
- »Jenseits des Datenschutzes – die 10. GWB-Novelle als informalisierter Neuansatz des Internet-und Datenwirtschaftsrechts«, in: Recht Digital 2 (2021), S. 71-78.
- »Das Recht der künstlichen Intelligenz. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen zivilrechtlicher Regulierung«, in: MMR. Zeitschrift für IT-Recht und Recht der Digitalisierung (2019), S. 711-715.
- Handlungshoheit. Die normative Struktur der bestehenden Dogmatik und ihrer Matrialisierung im deutschen und europäischen Schuldvertragsrecht, Mohr Siebeck 2019.
- »Autonomy, Pluralism and Public Deliberation«, in: Yearbook for Eastern and Western Philosophy, Bd. 1: Publicity and Public Sphere, De Gruyter 2016, S. 57-68.
- »Absoluter Grundrechtsschutz oder interaktive Grundrechte?«, in: Ludwig Siep/Thomas Gutmann/Michael Städtler/Bernhard Jakl (Hg.): Von der religiösen zur säkularen Begründung staatlicher Normen. Zum Verhältnis von Religion und Politik in der Philosophie der Neuzeit und in rechtssystematischen Fragen der Gegenwart, Mohr Siebeck 2012, S. 239-267.
- Recht aus Freiheit. Die Gegenüberstellung der rechtstheoretischen Ansätze der Wertungsjurisprudenz und des Liberalismus mit der kritischen Rechtsphilosophie Kants, Duncker & Humblot 2009.

Veranstaltungen:
Der Vortrag zum Projekt »Autonomie-orientierte Normenbegründung als vertrauensbildende Konfliktbewältigung der globalen Digitalisierung« findet am 9. Juni 2022 um 11 Uhr im Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften statt.


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7. Oktober 2022, 11.30 Uhr

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13. Oktober 2022, 13 Uhr

Erstes ConTrust Praxisforum: Krisenwissen kommunizieren. Mit: Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitelhoff, Dr. Stefan Kroll, Dr. Florian Hoof, Sarah Brockmeier, Dr. Greta Wagner und weiteren. Mehr...

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